What should I do if my dogs testicles are swollen?

Male dogs may suffer from swollen testicles. It is a relatively common condition in dogs. Most male dogs tend to suffer from such condition, which is often caused by quite a number of factors. In as much as swollen testicles in humans are a matter of great concern, similarly you should be concerned if ever your dog experiences this problem. The most common cause of swollen testicles is the presence of a growth inside the testicles. This can occur to either testicles or possibly both of them are involved.  But in most cases it will only occur to one testicle. Unfortunately, when this happens the only safe and best option is to have the affected testicle or testicles cut – hence the term castration. This is deemed as the safest and best method when it comes to the swelling of their testes. However, there are still other options that one can consider because what normally determines the treatment success is correcting the exact cause of the condition.

There are several different forms of swollen testicles. Sadly, it is hard to diagnosis the cause that is if the testes are not cut off. Thus, the only way to know the cause of swollen testes is to subject the dog for an operation. The testicle will then be removed as planned and inspected to determine the root cause. This approach is the usual advice if there are suspected growths or tumours affecting the testes. If it seems that the swelling is confined to only one testis, it is best to check the affected organ soon before it can affect the other one. So if the dog has been affected by a growth in one testicle it is best to have that affected testicle removed and sent to the lab for a possible diagnosis. Once it is diagnosed, the appropriately prescribed medical treatment can follow thereafter.
With regard to the actual examination, the testicles will have to be examined and scanned under a microscope’s lens. This microscopic examination is important because it helps identify whether the growths occurring inside the swollen testicles are benign or malignant. At times, the unaffected testicle may start to shrink. If this happens, do not be alarmed for this is actually quite normal. This may be caused by some hormonal changes to the dog’s body.  Swollen testicles may also lead to what is popularly called as the feminisation of a male dog whereby the dog is producing female hormones. Nevertheless, the term feminisation, if translated and interpreted literally, means a male dog transforming into a female. In this case though, the male canine can start producing oestrogen – the female sex hormone.

The other form of swollen testicles is testicle torsion. Testicle torsion is a situation whereby the testicle is turned and or twisted inside the scrotum. Testicle torsion is extremely painful and the best treatment is the removal of the testicles. This should be done as soon as it occurs. Finally, swelling of the testicles can also be caused by an infection. It will be painful for the dog and because of the heat generated from the swollen testicle; this case normally requires immediate castration.


This pet health article is for reference only.

If your pet is showing any symptoms or distress, and you suspect your pet is ill CONTACT YOUR VET IMMEDIATELY.