Shar Pei Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Shar Peis are of Chinese origin and have wrinkled skin and a black tongue. As Shar Peis mature, they have less wrinkles although some breeders do produce dogs with wrinkles all over the body when mature, but this can be detrimental to the Shar Pei's health. They also have a thick tail that is curled up over the back.The Chinese Shar-Pei has a very harsh and straight coat. The coat ranges from being either extremely short, to no longer than an inch long at the withers, called a "brush coat."Shar Pei are easily recognisable by the loose folds of skin on their bodies and their ‘frowning’expressions. They are squarely built and short-coupled and look powerful with good bone. They are balanced dogs who should move freely and vigorously.
- Other Names:Chinese Fighting Dog
- Country Of Origin:China
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Utility
- Except for white, all solid colours are acceptable.
- Shar Peis are intelligent and calm breeds of dogs who enjoy the company of humans and show loyalty to their family. They can be wary of strangers but are easily trained. If not trained properly, Shar Peis can become aggressive.They are loyal, playful and active but can also be stubborn and territorial if not trained properly when young. They will be fine with cats if they have been introduced to them when puppies but there can be problems mixing with other dogs.They love being indoors and hate the cold.
- Balanced and free.
- Care and training:
- The coat of the Chinese Shar-Pei is not very high maintenance, however it should be brushed to remove loose or dead hair occasionally. A rubber brush should suffice. The ears should be cleaned regularly as well as under the folds of skin. Shampoos must be chosen with care and, as the nails grow very quickly, must be trimmed regularly. The eyes as well should be inspected daily.
- Overall Exercise:
- 0 - 20 minutes per day.
Whilst an active breed Shar Pei will take as much or as little exercise as offered as long as they have access to free play. Care must be taken when they are off the lead and a well enclosed area/garden is a must.
- Feeding Requirements:
- They are quite expensive to keep as quality food should be used, although the protein levels should not be high. From 6 months of age, they should be fed adult food.
- Personal Protection:Low
- Suitability As Guard Dog:High
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:Medium
- Suitability for Children:High
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:4-6
- Life Expectancy (yrs):7-12
- Health issues:
- The Chinese Shar-Pei is a high maintenance dog. Chronic skin problems, in-turned eyelids (entropion) and allergies are common health problems. Other health concerns include amyloidosis, cancer, immune system problems, shar-pei fever, hip displaysia, patellar luxation and ear problems.
- A close relative to the Chow Chow, the Chinese Shar-Pei is an ancient breed that has existed for centuries in the southern provinces of China, dating back to the Han Dynasty of 202 B.C - 220 B.C. They were originally recognized as a fighting breed but was also were used to hunt, herd and offer protection. Partly due to fighting, the Chinese Shar-Pei almost became an extinct breed in its mainland. But thanks to Matgo Law, the breed has been sustained. When the breed was endangered, Matgo Law wrote to a dog magazine encouraging Americans to take interest in the breed. Soon after, Westerners were striving for the few specimens left. Their humorous appearance and unique characteristics made a comeback in the world and spread to the United States. When they were imported into America in the mid-twentieth century, the breed gained itself the title of "Most Rare Breed" in the Guinness Book of World Records, 1978.