Samoyed Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Samoyed dogs take their name from Samoyedic people in Siberia who bred these dogs to pull sleds and keep owners warm at night. They are medium sized, striking white dogs with a smiling face, thick and soft undercoats and harsh weather-resistant outer coats. The Samoyed has a long and thick double coat and requires a lot of grooming. Their outercoat should be harsher than the undercoat, but still fairly soft. Undercoat should be short, thick, and should have wool like texture.The Sami is a medium sized Spitz breed, showing the typical characteristics of erect, pricked ears and a tail curling over its back.Their feet are flat and have an abundance of hair between the toes and on the pads making them like snowshoes. Their unique feet prevent snow from forming ‘snowballs’ between the toes and hampering their working ability in their native lands.
- Other Names:Sami, Sammy, Samoyedskaya
- Country Of Origin:Russia, Siberia, other Scandinavian countries
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Pastoral
- A mixture of white shades including pure white, cream and biscuit.
- Samoyeds are friendly and kind dogs who, in general, get on with all members of their family. They can sometimes be stubborn when it comes to training and will pull things, including people.This dog has the tendency to bark quite a bit, and will alert you when someone is approaching. Does not do well with smaller and more passive animals, but can do well with cats and other dogs. The Samoyed is very friendly and does well with children. However if they are left to their own devices they can be destructive and are known to enjoy digging. As they are great escape artists, a high fence around the garden is a good investment.
- Powerful, agile and strong.
- Care and training:
- The Samoyed has a very thick coat, which requires much grooming. They shed heavily during warmer seasons and should be regularly brushed. The coat of this dog tends to trap dirt, but with regular brushing it should release easily. If the coat becomes wet or muddy leave it to dry, it is then easier to comb the dirt from the coat. In their native country the Sami will shed its undercoat once a year, normally in the summer. In centrally heated homes however they may shed twice a year. When the coat is being shed it will get everywhere and grooming will need to be more regular.
This can be a difficult dog to train, as they are known to be quite wilful, so patience is a must. They can be independent and will only do something because they enjoy being with their owner and at times they will happily go off and do their own thing. They are vocal and so must be trained to curtail this on command.Variety is best as Samoyeds can have a low attention span.
- Overall Exercise:
- The Sami needs a reasonable amount of exercise both on and off the lead. They do have a natural tendency to pull on a lead; however they can be trained to walk beside you.
- Feeding Requirements:
- On the whole these dogs are not big eaters when you consider the amount of exercise they require.
- Personal Protection:Medium
- Suitability As Guard Dog:High
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:Low
- Suitability for Children:High
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:5-9
- Life Expectancy (yrs):12-14
- Health issues:
- Hip dysplasia, diabetes, cardiac problems, eye problems, skin allergies, renal problems and bloat. Bloat is a health issue to most dogs, being the second largest killer of dogs other than cancer, but Samoyeds can be particularly susceptible to it because of their deep chests.
- Samoyeds are named after a nomadic tribe which lived in the tundra of northern Russia, in Siberia. Another breed very similar to the Samoyed was named the Nenets Laika, named after the Nentsy tribe. They were used as a herd and guard dog responsible for keeping masses of reindeer together. They were chosen specifically for their non-hunting abilities and urges, so that they would not accidentally attack the reindeer, but keep them safe. The breed is especially friendly, and has been bred down this way due to their close proximity with humans over the years. They were said to even share the chooms, or portable tents, with the tribes they traveled with. Back then, the breed could be either black, white or black and white. The white color became predominant due to popularity. In the 1890s, Fridtjof Nansen and Ernest Shackleton attempted the first polar expedition with this breed, using white and black and whites. In Siberia, fur traders took hold of the breed and brought some species to England. Other English travelers came upon the breed, such as Ernest Kilburn-Scott in 1889, and brought it back to England with them.