Pomeranian Dog Breed

Pomeranian Dog Breed
General Appearance:
The Pomeranians long double coat requires brushing at least once weekly. It is important to lift and part the top coat and brush the cottony undercoat as well. This will reduce shedding. Frequent brushing can damage the coat. They are a small dog with a fox like appearance. Their tail curls over their back and they have small compact feet. Double coated with a thick undercoat, they have a straight outer coat. They look like a walking powderpuff of dense hair. They are fluffy, highly-feathered dogs with perfectly proportioned bodies.
  • Other Names:Dwarf Spitz, Loulou, Pom,
  • Country Of Origin:Germany
  • Dog Group Kennel Club:Toy
Dog Bitch
Size(cm): 18-28 18-28
Weight(kg): 1-3 1-3
all colors and patterns allowed
The breed is full of its own self-importance and likes nothing better than to strut about either in the show-ring or when out for a walk! They are lively and energetic little dogs who are very loyal to their families. Poms love to be carried about and handled but do not overdo this, as they can become jealous and even a bit nippy! The Pomeranian is confident, commanding, and outgoing. Due to the Pomeranians small stature they are not recommended for homes with small children as they may become temperamental. They make excellent guard dogs and will sound a bark when they sense danger.
They move freely in a bouncy and buoyant way.
Care and training:
In addition to grooming it is important for Pomeranians to receive excellent dental care. They are prone to tooth loss; so regular cleaning is a must. Dry food is recommended to aid in keeping teeth and gums healthy. During adolescence extra grooming is required to assist the coat change, but once this has happened, grooming can be reduced to once a week. Check regularly for matting in the undercoat. Do not use too fine a comb as this will damage the undercoat which will spoil the fullness. Poms are intelligent and eager to learn and, therefore, are quite easy to train. However, perseverance is a must when it comes to house training. It is important to train them only to bark once or twice when the doorbell rings and then to be quiet as they are prone to producing a barrage of fairly shrill yapping! Pomeranians do not need a large amount of exercise. Indoors at home or a romp in the park will suffice.
Overall Exercise:
0 - 20 minutes per day. Poms are very undemanding in their exercise requirements and are quite happy with short walks or a run in the garden. They are able, however, to walk quite a distance before becoming tired.
Feeding Requirements:
Poms cost very little to feed as they are not big eaters, preferring to pick regularly rather than sit down to a set meal.
  • Exercise:Low
  • Grooming:High
  • Noise:Medium
  • Personal Protection:High
  • Suitability As Guard Dog:High
  • Level of Aggression:High
  • Compatibility With Other Animals:High
  • Suitability for Children:Medium
  • Often Docked?No
  • Average Litter Size:1-3
  • Life Expectancy (yrs):12-15
Health issues:
Patella luxation, cesarean sections will possibly be needed if the female is small, lost teeth if not well cared for, tracheal collapse, Patent Ductus Arterious, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), and diabetes.
Pomeranians are known to have existed around the eighteenth century in Germany. They resemble the much larger sled-pulling Spitz type dogs from the Arctic Circle, which they are said to have descended from. The Spitz breeds probably descended from dogs brought to the Germany and Holland, or Scandinavia, by Vikings who plundered and purged the cities during the Renaissance era. It was said that the white spitz lived in Pomerania, while the black ones resided in W├╝rtemberg. Several breeds came from these dogs, including the Keeshond, Wolf Spitz, Giant, Standard and Small German Spitz, as well as the Pomeranian, also known as the Toy German Spitz. The toy Spitz went on to be imported in Great Britain at least 100 years ago, and was from Pomerania in Germany, thusly being renamed the Pomeranian. The Pomeranian was first introduced to Britain in the 19th century weighing around 30 lbs. Today the toy Spitz and the Pomeranian are considered different breeds. Queen Victoria took such delight in these dogs that at one time they were called Victorian Poms.