Pointer Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Pointers are graceful and athletic gundogs with a strong appearance. Pointers are capable of speed and have acquired their name from their ability to point in the direction of game.The Pointer has a very short coat, which makes grooming a breeze. Their coat should remain short, dense and smooth. The coat should also have a shiny appearance. As a whole they should appear one of graceful curves. Pointers are muscular dogs, covering the ground smoothly and at good speed, with a driving hind action. They carry their heads nobly and proudly. Their most distinguishing features are the slight concavity on top of their muzzles which gives their noses a tip-tilted appearance and the typical pointer stance with tail and foreleg raised and head extended towards the quarry.
- Other Names:English Pointer
- Country Of Origin:Great Britain
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Gundog
- Self colours, tri coloured, black and white, lemon and white, orange and white and liver and white.
- Pointers are affectionate and enjoy family life. They are not aggressive and, in general, get on well with other dogs and cats. They also like children and, despite their hunting background, do not require excessive amounts of exercise although they do enjoy running. very even-tempered and alert dog that generally loves to be around people. This dog makes a wonderful companion, but is not recommended for the average home. The Pointer does best in a field environment, but will also do well in a regular home providing he has an experienced handler and sufficient exercise. They need human contact and are very much in tune with household circumstances. Because of their friendliness, they are not ideal guard dogs, greeting everybody in the same welcoming manner, but they will bark when someone comes to the door.
- Smooth, powerful and covering plenty of ground.
- Care and training:
- Firm bristle brushing occasionally will suffice for this very easy to groom breed. The Pointer generally only needs to be bathed once every six months as they are fairly clean. Average shedding, a wipe with a dry towel or a rubber brush will remove much of the loose hair. However regular inspection of the coat should be made as skin problems can occur.
Pointers are intelligent and therefore learn reasonably quickly. Because of their sensitive natures,
training should be done with kindness and rewards. They do not like to be dominated. The Pointer has a short attention span and should always have variety.
- Overall Exercise:
- 2 hours per day.
Because they are primarily field sports dogs, they need plenty of exercise. After puppyhood, free galloping is a necessity on a regular basis. Care must be taken when allowing them off the lead as they are hunting dogs and, as such, will gallop off on their own.
- Feeding Requirements:
- As puppies, this breed must be fed on high-quality food and the breeder's diet sheet followed carefully. The cost of feeding will reduce as they reach maturity.
- Personal Protection:Low
- Suitability As Guard Dog:Low
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:High
- Suitability for Children:High
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:5-6
- Life Expectancy (yrs):12-17
- Health issues:
- Elbow and hip dysplasia, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), and epilepsy. Other health concerns include deafness.
- There is no exact record of where the first Pointers came from, some say Spain and Portugal, other say eastern Europe and England. What isagreed upon is that they were crossed with the old Spanish Pointer and a lighter-boned variety of Foxhound. Greyhound and Bloodhound may have played a part in their creation. Some believe the Pointer originated in Spain and migrated to England through trading companies. Arkwright on Pointers, a compilation of studies on the breed written by William Arkwright, states that the breed probably found its way from the East, hitting Italy on its way to Spain. Regardless, the Pointers in England set the prototype. They arrived all over Europe in the 1650s. Hunters used this dog at first as only a hunter of hare, and later used them for hunting birds in the 1700s. The Pointer was unique in its instinct to, when it saw prey, simply stop and point. This breed allowed other dogs, such as Greyhounds, to actually catch and retrieve the prey. This became quite useful in the hunting of birds, as the breed would not run after them in a flurry of feathers, but would point in silence and drop to the ground, allowing the hunter time to shoot the prey without it being scared off.