Pekingese Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Pekingeses are small breeds of dog that have been around for a great number of years. They are well built with short legs that are slightly bowed. The Pekingese is a double-coat breed. The outer-coat is extravagant, long, and straight flowing with profuse feathering. The under-coat is soft and plush in texture. The lavish Pekingese coat is this breeds crowning glory. They come in a wide variety of colors and markings, including parti-color. They are average shedders.
- Other Names:Peke, Peking Palasthund
- Country Of Origin:China
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Toy
- Except for liver and albino, all colours are acceptable.
- Although small, Pekingeses are fearless dogs that are loyal and generally one person dogs. They can be stubborn and independent and can sometimes show aggression towards other dogs although proper socialisation can prevent this. The Pekingese is sensitive, loving, and extremely affectionate when they choose to be. They are generally a one-person pet who is deeply devoted to their master. They make excellent watchdogs, as they will give alarm to any unusual noise. They are wary and suspicious of strangers. The Peke does best with older, well-behaved children.They may display jealousy and attempt to show dominance over their master.
- Pekingese dogs have a slightly rolling gait.
- Care and training:
- The Pekingese requires diligent daily brushing to prevent tangles, knots, and mats. They need to be dry shampooed regularly. Their faces and eyes must be cleaned daily with a damp, soft cloth. They do not tolerate warm or damp climates, and become over-heated or chilled quite quickly.
Not the ideal breed for someone who isn’t prepared to spend a fair amount of time on grooming.
The Pekingese may be difficult to train due to their stoic nature. The crate method is recommended for housebreaking. They will not respond to a harsh, loud, or overly bossy master. They respond best to gentle, consistent, and patient guidance. The Peke requires short sessions of basic obedience and socialization.They can be obedient but it is a case of doing so in its own time.
- Overall Exercise:
- 20 - 40 minutes per day.
The Peke needs little exercise when compared with other larger breeds. However they are quite happy to go for walks or to occupy themselves in the garden.
- Feeding Requirements:
- The Peke is an undemanding dog to feed with no special dietary requirements; they generally have a good appetite.
- Personal Protection:Low
- Suitability As Guard Dog:Low
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:Medium
- Suitability for Children:Medium
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:2-4
- Life Expectancy (yrs):13-15
- Health issues:
- Congestive heart failure, problems birthing, breathing problems and their eyes are sensitive and prone to corneal ulcers
- Folklore has a wonderful little story that the Pekingese in that it was an offspring of a lion and a marmoset. In reality, they date back some 2000 years ago in China. For centuries they were the sacred dog of China, being coveted and treasured for their quaintness and individuality. Many dogs were prized among royalty in the past, but few compare to the luxury enjoyed by the Pekingese. They were so protected by the royal palaces it was said that death was the punishment for those who tried to smuggle them into the outside world. For a time, 4000 eunuchs in the Peking Imperial Palaces were in charge of breeding and taking care of the Pekingese. When slave women's daughter's were slaughtered expendably, they would care for a Pekingese instead. There was one type of Pekingese at the time called a "sleeve". Sleeves were so small they could fit in the folds of a Chinese sleeve. This tiny version of the Pekingese is rare but is still bred in China today. Buddhism in China put much emphasis on lions, calling them protectors of the faith. Therefore, when this little "lion dog" was produced, they were greatly sought after.