Papillon Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Papillons are small, light breeds of dogs with distinctive ears, in fact, the name Papillon is derived from the shape of their ears as Papillon in French means butterfly. In addition to their fringed ears, Papillons also have symmetrical head markings and a flowing coat with a hairy tail..
the coat does need regular attention.
- Other Names:Butterfly Dog, Pap, the drop eared variety is known as Phalene (moth)
- Country Of Origin:France
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Toy
- A Papillon's base colour is white with different colour patches that can be any colour except for liver.
- Intelligent and lively with a large dog's attitude. Despite their small and light appearance, there is evidence to suggest that Papillons are capable of great endurance and can walk long distances if required. They are friendly and should not be aggressive.
- Free flowing and light.
- Care and training:
- The Papillon is a moderate shedder. Therefore, they need to be brushed several times a week. It is important to pay particular attention to the hair behind the ears and on the stomach as these areas are prone to matting. They should only be bathed when necessary, dry shampooing will typically suffice. Nails need trimming on a regular basis if not exercised on hard ground or walked on a regular basis, including the dew claws if they have them. The fur under the pads tends to grow long so it is advised to trim this hair away to ensure firmer footing for the dog. The fur from the hock to floor, on the back leg/pastern, can be trimmed to give a neater appearance.
Being intelligent dogs, Paps are easy to train but consistency is needed when young to ensure the puppy does not become a ‘yapper’ throughout his or her life and patience and routine is needed when house-training a puppy. They require intense socialization at an early age, most notably with cats. They respond best to consistent, loving, gentle guidance. The Papillon also loves to learn and perform tricks.
- Overall Exercise:
- 20 - 40 minutes per day.
This breed will get all the exercise needed running about the house and garden, although walks are always greatly appreciated!
- Feeding Requirements:
- Depending on the breeder, the cost of a Papillon as a non-breeding pet would be approximately £500 plus, however if wanted for a ‘show dog’ the cost would be considerably higher. Bitches can some times be hard to come by due to the small litters.
- Personal Protection:Low
- Suitability As Guard Dog:Medium
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:Medium
- Suitability for Children:Medium
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:2-4
- Life Expectancy (yrs):13-16
- Health issues:
- Usually very healthy. Some problems with inadequate tear production, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), luxating patellas and liver shunt.
- Developing from some type of Bichon crossed with the smaller spaniels, the Papillon is an incredibly old breed, dating back to as old as the year 1500. The Papillon is a very old breed that dates back to the fourteenth century where they were know as the Continental Toy Spaniel in Europe. The Continental Toy Spaniel had typical Spaniel ears, (hanging down on the sides of their head). Papillons were popular with noblewomen of Western Europe. Madame Pompadour had two Papillons named "Inez" and "Mimi". Marie Antoinette had Papillons as pets as well. Many painters included this elegant breed in their artwork as well, including works from Rubens, Van Dyke, Rembrandt, Fragonard and more. Today in the Louvre in Paris you will find a picture of Louis XIV with his children and their Papillon. In the United States the Papillon arrived close to the 19th Century where the erect eared type has became more common. In France, the breed is sometimes called Le Chien Ecureuil, or Squirrel Dog. The Papillon was first exhibited in Britain under the title "Foreign Dogs" in 1923, and was officially recognized in the U.S. in 1935.