Newfoundland Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Newfoundlands are large dogs with webbed feet and water resistant coats. They are well balanced and have good bone but don't look heavy with it. They are powerful dogs who fit into the 'giant' sector of dog. The Newfoundland has a water resistant double coat. The outer coat is coarse, flat, oily, and of medium length the under coat is dense and soft in texture. Their coat color is typically black, but may also be black with blue highlights, bronze, brown, or gray. The Newfoundland's coat serves as protection against frigid water and extremely cold climates. They are heavy shedders.The Newfie is best described as being a gentle giant. As puppies they look like a cuddly teddy bear, however this stage does not last long as they grow very quickly.
- Other Names:Newfie
- Country Of Origin:Canada
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Working
- The most common colour for Newfoundlands is black but brown and 'Landseer' which is white with black markings are also acceptable.
- Newfoundlands are referred to as gentle giants due to their sweet temperament. They also show calm behaviour and don't need excessive amounts of exercise. Newfies enjoy water and are devoted companions with natural life saving instincts.The Newfoundland is generous with love and affection. They are very sociable and friendly to visitors they know. They have a keen sense of responsibility and are excellent with children. Some become so attached to their families that they cannot ever adapt to a new home or environment. Generally good with other pets if socialised from an early age. This breed thrives on human companionship.
- Slightly rolling with free movement
- Care and training:
- The Newfoundland requires daily brushing. The under coat is shed in the spring and fall and should be given extra attention at these times. Bathing should only be done when absolutely necessary to prevent stripping the coat of its' natural oils. Dry shampooing is best.
The Newfie is an intelligent dog that requires consistent training in a relaxed manner. They are extremely sensitive and will not respond to harsh or heavy-handed direction. They require and respond best to a calm, patient, and loving tone of voice.The Newfie does well with early basic obedience and socialization. They may be trained as a guard or work dog.
- Overall Exercise:
- 40 - 60 minutes per day.
The young dog should have all exercise monitored while it is still growing to ensure that no damage occurs to the bones and joints. They love water, swimming being one of their favourite forms of exercise.
- Feeding Requirements:
- As puppies the Newfie should have a nutritious diet to ensure the proper formation of the bones and joints. Supplements should not be added to the diet unless absolutely necessary as they can do more harm than good.
- Personal Protection:Low
- Suitability As Guard Dog:Low
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:High
- Suitability for Children:High
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:8-10
- Life Expectancy (yrs):10-11
- Health issues:
- Hip and elbow dysplasia, genetic heart conditions, skin allergies, and hypothyroidism.
- One of the few native North American breeds, they come from Newfoundland Island in Canada, where they were said to have first served as fisherman's aids to the British and French fisherman who reached these North Atlantic shores. Newfoundlands' ancestors may have included the Great Pyrenees and Tibetan Mastiff. Folklore tells of a Tibetan Mastiff type breed that traveled with Indians to the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Four thousand years later in 1001 A.D., Vikings were said to have traveled to the same place with "bear like dogs". These two were thought to have bred together to create what is now known as the Newfoundland. Later in the 1600s when European fishing boats stopped by the islands, Portuguese Water Dogs and Great Pyrenees were thought to have landed on the island as well, breeding with the already "bear like dog". This is probably what gave the breed a waterproof coat and webbed feet.