Maltese Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Maltese dogs are small and compact with long, white, silky coats. These dogs do not shed their coat making them particularly suitable for those with allergies.The coat is straight, lacks an undercoat, and is pure bright white in color. Their luxurious cloak of white is the hallmark of the Maltese. They are a member a member of the Bichon family and is one of the oldest European breeds. They are directly related to the Bichon and Bolognese. All came from the same initial breed, simply developing on different islands created their different traits, as well as their difference names. They may sometimes have a hint of lemon or tan on their ears, although this is undesirable in the show ring.
- Other Names:
- Country Of Origin:Malta
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Toy
- White with slight lemon marking acceptable.
- In general, Malteses have good natures but can also be energetic and lively. They are quick to learn and do not like being left alone for long periods of time.They are typically good natured and amiable and love to be held and cuddled. Malteses will tolerate other pets, but are not suitable for inconsiderate or ill-behaved children. They most often will establish a close bond with one person. They do not do well when left alone for extended periods of time. They may be over-protective of their owner, family, and territory, and bark or bite if they perceive a threat. They are a fearless, vigorous,and agile breed.
- Free and straight
- Care and training:
- The Maltese coat requires daily brushing and combing to prevent matting. The coat is extremely soft and silky, so gentle care is highly recommended. They need to be bathed or dry shampooed on a regular basis. The eyes need daily cleaning to prevent staining. It is also important to keep their ears clean and free from stray hair.
The Maltese may be difficult to housebreak so crate training is recommended. They do best with early socialization. Training must never be harsh in nature. It must be done with gentle love, consistency, reward, and patience. They are adept at learning tricks. The Maltese does not need extensive obedience training, as they are naturally obedient to their Master.Maltese enjoy their owners and whatever they wish to teach them, and they are also very intelligent little dogs.
- Overall Exercise:
- 20-30 minutes
The Maltese does not require a high level of exercise. They enjoy a daily walk, indoor play sessions, or a romp and run in a secured small yard. The Maltese loves to be social, so a play date at the park is always welcomed. They must be supervised and securely leashed.
- Feeding Requirements:
- This breed does not need anyspecial attention on their diet,the amout of food should be controlled as they can become over weight and orm back problems.
- Personal Protection:Medium
- Suitability As Guard Dog:Low
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:Medium
- Suitability for Children:Medium
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:2-4
- Life Expectancy (yrs):14-15
- Health issues:
- Maltese are generally healthy. They are, however, subject to genetic eye disorders. Other health issues include collapsing tracheas, liver shunts, hypoglycemia, skin allergies, and white shaker dog syndrome (disease that causes the dog to have full body tremors, most common in West Highland White Terriers, Maltese, Bolognese and Poodles).
- The Maltese origins come from the island of Malta dating back to about 1500 B.C. They are thought to have been brought to the island by Phoenician traders, and may have had their origins elsewhere. A record of a Greek historian named Strabo reported in 25 A.D. that "There is a town in Sicily called Melita whence are exported many beautiful dogs called Canis Melitei." This may point to an origin in Italy. These small dogs were very popular from their beginnings. A Roman governor of Malta was reported to like his Maltese so much that he had poems written about it and a painting portrait made of his little female dog. In the 1500s, one writer recorded a Maltese being sold for £2,000! Their popularity rose during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I as a companion to the women of the royal court.