Bull Terrier Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Bull Terriers are muscular in build with a short coat. The coat of the Bull Terrier should always be short, flat and harsh, even being somewhat coarse to the touch. The hair should always be glossy and should be close lying. They have a 'stocky' body but their most noteable feature is their head which is egg shaped as they have a Roman muzzle. Their eyes are triangular in shape and deep set.
- Other Names:English Bull Terrier, Bull and Terrier, Bullies
- Country Of Origin:Great Britain
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Terrier
|Size(cm):||There are no height and weight limits.||There are no height and weight limits.|
- Pure white or coloured where the colour predominates. Other solid colours such as brindle, black, fawn, red and tricoloured are acceptable with other colours less desirable.
- Bull terriers are generally friendly dogs but need to be kept active. They are affectionate but are also very courageous. This breed can be protective of his owner and his territory, giving off somewhat of a fearless presence. With proper socialization and training this breed can do well with other dogs. As a breed they are generally placid but it has to be remembered that they were originally bred as fighting dogs therefore they will react if challenged but they will not normally make the first move.
- Covers ground with free easy strides with freedom in the leg joints.
- Care and training:
- Bull Terriers with their short hair do not need much grooming. An occasional Brush with a rubber mitt or a hard bristle brush will be sufficient. This breed is an average shedder, shedding only around twice a year. Removing loose hair should be simple when using a special rubber glove designed for such a task. Obedience training should be started at an early age to avoid any issues in the future. Being that this breed is prone to dominance issues, firm and dominant handling is a must to prevent escalation into aggression, however as a breed they can be stubborn and have a will of their own.
- Overall Exercise:
- 100 - 120 minutes per day. Bull Terriers are an active breed that require a fair amount of exercise, both free running and roadwork.
- Feeding Requirements:
- Bull Terriers like their food so the food intake should be monitored closely as they do have a tendency to put on weight.
- Personal Protection:Medium
- Suitability As Guard Dog:High
- Level of Aggression:Medium
- Compatibility With Other Animals:Medium
- Suitability for Children:Medium
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:5
- Life Expectancy (yrs):12
- Health issues:
- Because of the original attention to breeding the dogs who had white fur, hereditary deafness, heart disease, kidney failure and skin allergies may occur. Dogs with colors are less likely to receive these genes. Other health concerns include hereditary zinc deficiency, renal problems, and spinning disorder.
- Bull Terriers were crossed with the old English Bulldog and English White Terrier (now extinct) in the early 19th century. James Hinks, from Birmingham in Great Britain, originally developed the breed between the 1830s and the 1860s. They are also most certainly mixed with Dalmatian, and are thought to have converged with the Spanish Pointer, Greyhounds and Whippets. White being Hinks' favorite color for the breed, the dogs were originally all white. The characteristics chosen from this mixing of the breeds was the egg shape of the head, the white color, and the small triangular eyes. Along with these preferred attributes came frequent deafness, heart disease and skin problems. At this time they were a lighter more agile dog who was used to bait bulls, dog fighting and to tackle vermin. Color was only added later on in the 1900s when crosses were made with the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.