Border Terrier Dog Breed
- General Appearance:
- Border Terriers are small and rough coated breeds of dog that are proper working terriers.
They have a soft undercoat and harsh wiry outer coat. This breed sheds little to no hair.The color of the coat comes in blue and tan, grizzle and tan, red, and wheaten. The muzzle is dark. The head of the Border should be otter-like with a short, strong muzzle. The neck should be of moderate length and the body should be deep, narrow and fairly long. The legs are moderately long, not heavily-boned and feet are small with thick pads. The tail should be not too long, set high and carried gaily.
- Other Names:Border
- Country Of Origin:Great Britain
- Dog Group Kennel Club:Terrier
- Borders terriers come in four different colours, wheaten, red, grizzle and tan or blue and tan.
- In general, Border Terriers are friendly, playful and active dogs. The Border Terrier is an affectionate, fun-loving dog. They are brave, adaptable and good with people, especially with children. In general they are good with other dogs or family pets, they do however enjoy chasing
rabbits and other small animals. They like to please their owners and, as such have a very trainable attitude. They usually get on with other dogs but will fight if provoked. Puppies may go through a shy phase and it is important that they are socialised with humans and other animals so that this phase will pass.
- Border Terriers were bred to follow horses whilst hunting so have the speed to keep up in this situation.
- Care and training:
- Border Terriers should be brushed weekly as their coat is usually quite long. They will need professional grooming at least twice a year. This grooming process is called stripping. A puppy can be left unstripped until the coat is 'blown', usually at about 6 months of age, but it will then need a full hand strip.
The Border Terrier requires early socialization to prevent timidity as well as early obedience.
Training must be done with praise, motivation, reward, respect, patience, and consistency.
They are eager to please ther master and can be quite intelligent their specialist subjects are, tracking, agility, competitive obedience, and hunting.
- Overall Exercise:
- 100 - 120 minutes per day. Border Terriers need plenty of exercise on a daily basis and enjoy using their intellect as well as their bodies. They may chase any small animals such as rabbits or squirrels that take their fancy, regardless of life and limb. They benefit from securely leashed walks and family play sessions.
- Feeding Requirements:
- The Border Terrier is a small dog who requires only small amounts of food. They are not fussy eaters but have a good appetite and will become overweight if over fed or not regularly exercised.
- Personal Protection:Low
- Suitability As Guard Dog:Low
- Level of Aggression:Low
- Compatibility With Other Animals:High
- Suitability for Children:High
- Often Docked?No
- Average Litter Size:3-6
- Life Expectancy (yrs):14
- Health issues:
- Luxating patellas,hip dysplasia. Other health concerns include cataracts, epilepsy, heart defects, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), and shunts.
- Once known as the Reedwater Terrier, the Border Terrier was originally developed to hunt alongside Foxhounds in the countryside of northeast England. They were bred around the border of England and Scotland, where sheepherding is common. Treasured for their ability to kill foxes and other animals who crept into the farmyard for livestock, the Border Terrier was more specifically bred to have long enough legs to follow a horse, but still be small enough to go to ground and hunt animals such as foxes. It was known as the Coquetdale Terrier until around 1880 when it was renamed for the region in which it presided. Border Terriers are not widely spread, but continue to make strides into other countries. It was only until the early 1900s when they began to spread beyond their home country. The Border Terrier's history is probably much the same as that of the other northern bred terriers in England and Scotland, although not in written history. His ancestry may include the Bedlington Terrier, in which some pups still come out with a soft topknot on the head. Border Terriers may also be related to the Lakeland Terrier and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier.